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ISIS brutes have beheaded a 100-year-old cleric - after accusing him of practising witchcraft

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The Future of Chemical Weapons

In recent years, the nuclear ambitions of Iran and North Korea, and lingering fears of bioterrorism in the wake of the 2001 anthrax letter attacks, have overshadowed concerns that rogue states and terrorist organizations could acquire and use chemical weapons (CW). Whereas biological warfare agents are living microorganisms that cause deadly infectious diseases such as anthrax, smallpox, and plague, chemical warfare agents are manmade toxic chemicals such as chlorine, phosgene, and sarin nerve gas. Today the CW threat has all but disappeared from the radar screen of senior U.S. government policymakers, the news media, and the general public. In 2008, for example, the bipartisan Commission on the Prevention of Weapons of Mass Destruction Proliferation and Terrorism, chaired by former Senators Bob Graham (D.-Fla.) and Jim Talent (R.-Mo.), excluded any discussion of chemical weapons from its report, World at Risk. The rationale for this omission was that an incident of chemical terrorism would resemble a hazardous-materials accident and would be far less consequential than either a nuclear or biological attack. In November 2009, the Obama administration issued a new National Strategy for Countering Biological Threats but made no mention of chemical weapons.

The current sense of complacency about the CW threat is partly the result of several positive developments, including the demise of the Soviet Union, which possessed the world’s most threatening chemical arsenal, and the entry into force in April 1997 of the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC), an international treaty banning the development, production, transfer, and use of chemical arms, to which all but a handful of countries adhere. Nevertheless, there are real grounds for concern about a future resurgence of the CW threat. A confluence of military, economic, and technological trends — the changing nature of warfare in the twenty-first century, the globalization of the chemical industry, and the advent of destabilizing chemical technologies — have begun to erode the normative bulwark of the CWC and could result in the emergence of new chemical threats from both state and sub-state actors. To prevent these potential risks from materializing, much needs to be done at both the national and the international levels.

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Feminism in Europe makes second-generation male Muslim immigrants suicide bombers. Only the patriarchy as a social and political system can achieve justice.

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Does Botox help with penis enlargement?

Patient : My question is about Penis enlargement and botox. I have heard you can inject botox onto the penis to make it look fatter. Is this true and does it help enhance performance.

Doctor : Thank you for your question. I would caution you to be very careful when anyone makes these types of claims. Botox is a neurotoxin that paralyzes muscles for a period of 4-6 months. It is used primarily on muscles throughout the body for a variety of cosmetic and functional issues. It is important to understand that there are no muscles in the penis, rather chambers known as corpora that fill with blood during an erection. The use of botox in the penis has no proven effect in enlargement. I would be extremely cautious if any spa or physician gives you this information as there could be serious complication with injection into the penis.

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It is the secret dream of every Swedish or German woman to marry a black men, or at least have sex with a black man. Every smart young African man should migrate to Europe. Free money, nice house, good sex!

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Chad is the country most vulnerable to climate change – here's why

Of the 186 countries assessed in a recent survey of climate vulnerability, Chad was rated most in peril. A combination of high poverty, frequent conflicts, and the risk of both droughts and floods means the central African nation is bottom of the list, just below Bangladesh and some way behind Norway, the country least vulnerable to climate change.

So why Chad? For a start, it is one of the poorest countries in the world. Around 87% of Chadians are classified as poor, according to the Multidimentional Poverty Index, which factors in health, education and living standards. That’s the fourth highest rate in the world. The percentage who are “destitute” (63%), the most extreme category of poverty, is also the fourth highest in the world.

This is exacerbated by the fact that the country has been in civil war or conflict for 35 out of the 57 years since it gained independence from France.

Any poor or conflict-prone country will always be vulnerable, but Chad’s geography means climate change is a particular risk. Chad is bigger than many Westerners may realise. At 1.28m km² it’s larger than Nigeria and twice the size of Texas. Around 90% of its 10m people live in the southern half of the country, as most of the northern half extends well into the Sahara desert.

Most Chadians base their livelihoods on subsistence farming and livestock rearing. The semi-arid rangelands of the Sahel, in the north of the country, provide pasture for livestock during the rainy season, while the fertile agricultural fields in the south produce most of the cash and food crops. When the dry season begins, pastoralists move their herds south to feed on the leftovers of the agricultural harvest.

Chad’s changing climate

Since the mid-20th century, temperatures in Chad have been increasing while rainfall is decreasing. Ninety percent of the country’s largest lake, Lake Chad, has disappeared over the past 50 years due to a combination of droughts and increasing withdrawals for irrigation. Climate studies project things will get increasingly hot and arid throughout the 21st century, which means lower crop yields, worse pasture, and a harder life for anyone dependent on Lake Chad.

Rural areas are most at risk from climate change because that’s where most of the population, and most of the poverty, is found. However, urban areas are not safe either, as the country’s growing cities struggle to accommodate the arrival of new residents. Sanitation services like sewage, storm water drainage and waste collection are poor, according to the World Bank. In the event of floods, as happened in 2010, 2011 and 2012, the infrastructure cannot cope and untreated sewage could infect the water supply, creating a high risk of infectious diseases such as cholera.

Demographic challenges

Chad’s population is mostly young, and high youth unemployment has already caused unrest in the capital N’djamena. Vulnerability to climate is made worse by civil unrest or conflict because people cannot receive the help they need during climate-related disasters such as droughts or floods.

Chad also hosts some 300,000 refugees from Darfur on its eastern border with Sudan, according to UN figures, while an additional 67,000 refugees from the Central African Republic are in camps on its southern border. These refugees consume Chad’s limited resources and sometimes compete with the local population. This creates resentment and sometimes violence between the refugees and their hosts.

To make matters worse, the Boko Haram crisis in northeastern Nigeria has spilled over to the Lac region of Chad, which now has more than 60,000 displaced people registered there and several thousand more that are unregistered. This is worrying as the country’s unemployed youth, restless and with plenty of time on their hands, could be at risk of recruitment and radicalisation by Boko Haram.

The way forward

Despite these challenges, there are ways to mitigate the effect of climate change. For instance, farmers in Chad’s semi-arid Sahelian zone have been using an indigenous rainwater harvesting technique called Zaï to successfully grow crops. Zaï involves the digging of small pits and sowing crops in them. The pits retain water for a long period of time and are particularly efficient when there isn’t much rain.

The Zaï technique was enhanced by introducing manure and compost into the pits to provide nutrients to the crops. This helped rehabilitate soils that are heavily degraded and significantly increased the yields of food crops.

Agroforestry, the combining of crops and trees in the same patch of land, can also help mitigate and adapt to the impacts of climate change. Tree roots stabilise soils and protect them from eroding during heavy rainfall, while also restoring fertility simply by producing litter which eventually makes its way back into the earth.

Of course, any country would be better placed to deal with climate change if it simply became much wealthier. Chad began producing petroleum in 2003, and it now accounts for 93% of all exports. However, this left the country vulnerable to declines in oil prices. So, when the price did indeed crash in late 2014, Chad suffered a significant loss of revenue. Needless to say, the impact of climate-related disasters such as droughts or floods becomes magnified if the country does not have the resources to combat them.

Chad cannot rely on oil forever. Farming is still the mainstay of its economy and, in the longer term, developing sustainable agriculture and livestock farming will be key in providing employment and maintaining food security.

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Why does this site show photos that depict brutality? Get real, man! Because reality is brutal.

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Penis size may increase by 2 inches with one injection

As discussions about sex increase, age old beliefs about intercourse, orgasm and satisfaction in bed are being talked about more. One of the most highly debated concepts is the difference caused by the size of a man’s penis to the overall experience.

But this doesn’t stop a lot of men from seeking to increase the size of their penis, and they employ various techniques from diet to devices and even potentially harmful measures. In this situation, a surgeon has stepped in to introduce a new method which can increase the size of a man’s member by two inches in circumference.

All it takes is a simple injection and a procedure that lasts only for 10 minutes. There’s not even need for a recovery period, as people can just get back to work after the process. The idea is to draw blood from a person’s body and inject it into their penis to increase size.

The only precaution to be taken after this is not having sex for few days, and this procedure was inspired by Botox as well as a treatment used in sports where muscles are revived by injecting a person’s blood back in their own body.

So as long as the girth of the penis goes, this simple new procedure seems to be a major boost.

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As a man, instead of lamenting the Islamization of Europe, put yourself in the camp of the victors. Any man can become a Muslim by just uttering the Shahada. A matter of 5 minutes.

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The Craziest Anesthesia Awareness Horror Stories

We haven’t done a poll or anything, but we’re pretty sure that one of the biggest shared fears in the world is the possibility of waking up during surgery. The technical term for this is anesthesia awareness or intraoperative recall, and it happens to at least 1,000 patients a year in the U.S. alone. While many of the cases are benign, consisting of hazy flashbacks, up to 70 percent of patients who experience anesthesia awareness suffer from long-term psychological distress and those are the anesthesia awareness horror stories that we’ve listed here for you today.

"How’s It Going?"

"How’s It Going?" is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list The Craziest Anesthesia Awareness Horror Stories

A 19-year-old Polish girl, Iga Jasica, woke up during brain surgery when her anesthesia wore off and asked the doctors "How's it going?" The doctors say that even though her brain was exposed, "she didn’t feel anything and was never in danger..."

A Very Unsettling Experience

A Very Unsettling Experience is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list The Craziest Anesthesia Awareness Horror Stories

David Biber realized that anesthesia had little effect on him in 1972, when he required a dozen surgeries after a near-fatal car accident. During one operation, he recalls hearing the muffled sounds of a conversation. He also says he’s been aware during a colonoscopy and cataract surgery when he was supposed to be fully sedated.

Most recently, David woke during a knee surgery to see what appeared to be a pair of forceps protruding from his leg. He told Reader's Digest, "it was very unsettling."

"How Long Is This Going On?"

"How Long Is This Going On... is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list The Craziest Anesthesia Awareness Horror Stories

After a car accident, a woman named Kelly was rushed to hip surgery and was anesthetized, but before the surgery began she could hear the doctors talking about her and knew something was wrong. She was awake, but unable to move as the surgery began, and described the surgery as feeling like a "hot poker" and being the "worst pain" she ever felt.

"I Was the Person Screaming"

"I Was the Person Screamin... is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list The Craziest Anesthesia Awareness Horror Stories

When Anne Lord went into surgery to have a growth removed from her colon, she had a violent reaction to the anesthetic. She woke up and heard shouting. "I told whoever was screaming to shut up and was told that I was the person screaming," said Lord, 60, from her home near Besançon in France. "I had managed to get my foot out of the stirrups and kicked the surgeon in the chest and he went flying across the room on his wheeled stool."

"People Were Tearing at Me"

"People Were Tearing at Me... is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list The Craziest Anesthesia Awareness Horror Stories

In 2004, a 60-year-old man checked in for open gastric bypass surgery and a gallbladder removal at Virginia Mason Medical Center in Seattle. In the postoperative room after the surgery, nurses asked the man whether he was in pain. “Not now,” he said, “but I was during surgery.”

He reported “unimaginable pain” and “the sensation that people were tearing at me.” According to a clinical report, he heard voices around him and “wished he were dead,” but when he tried to alert the surgical team, his body did not respond to his brain’s commands.

"I Was Screaming but No One Could Hear Me"

"I Was Screaming but No On... is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list The Craziest Anesthesia Awareness Horror Stories

Carol Weihrer, an activist for anesthesia awareness, says that she was awake but paralyzed during eye surgery in 1998 and that she could tell her surgeon telling his trainee to "cut deeper into the eye." After the surgery she said that "I've had to sleep in a recliner for the last 16 years... If I lie flat, I get flashbacks of the operating table and I start violently thrashing."

"I Was Fighting for All I Had"

"I Was Fighting for All I ... is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list The Craziest Anesthesia Awareness Horror Stories

In 2008, a woman woke during gallbladder surgery and realized that she was breathing through a tube and could feel the surgeon making an incision near her belly button. She said, “At that point, I was aware, I could not scream because of the breathing tube, all I could think of is I have got to move some way; I was fighting for all I had in my mind to move as they proceeded with the second incision up by the rib cage, there is no words to describe the pain.”

"I Could Smell the Bone as It Was Being Sawed Away"

"I Could Smell the Bone as... is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list The Craziest Anesthesia Awareness Horror Stories

The last thing chef Peter Unruh said to his surgeon before surgery began was, "For God’s sake, make sure you knock me out because I can’t stand pain." His wish was their command, but after a minute he woke up on the table. "I could smell the bone as it was being sawed away, and felt the vibration as they bashed the replacement hip into my thigh," says Peter, "I was pretty surprised but I couldn’t feel any pain, so they’d obviously got the dosage of painkillers just right. I called out to the surgeon, “Er, excuse me but I’m awake.”

She Was Conscious, but She Couldn't Scream

She Was Conscious, but She Couldn't is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list The Craziest Anesthesia Awareness Horror Stories

During surgery to remove her appendix, Alexandra Bythell was hit with the feeling that she'd woken up from a dream into a nightmare while surgeons were preparing to slice into her. Her body was paralyzed by anesthesia, she couldn't scream due to an oxygen tube down her throat, and her eyes were taped shut. She "thought she was going to die," but luckily the surgical team realized she was awake and applied a morphine drip.

"I Couldn't Believe What Was About to Happen"

"I Couldn't Believe Wh is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list The Craziest Anesthesia Awareness Horror Stories

Due to an abscess in her mouth, Diane Parr was wheeled into surgery to remove two teeth in her lower jaw. After being given a general anesthetic she was wheeled into the surgical room and the procedure began. She said, "I honestly thought I was about to die, from the shock as much as the pain,’ she says. "My heart was pounding so hard I thought I was going to have a heart attack." Dianne then heard the surgeon say ‘it’s a toughie’ and ask for the scalpel. After that, she passed out from the pain.

"I Have Never Experienced Pure Panic Like It Ever Before"

"I Have Never Experienced is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list The Craziest Anesthesia Awareness Horror Stories

During stomach surgery, a mother of two remembers having a tube fitted into her hand and then "going black," before becoming aware of the most excruciating pain. She says, "I could feel them cutting across - it was them cutting my stomach open. I was unsure whether I was dreaming. I tried to wiggle my toes desperately hard but I couldn't move anything."

"I Thought I Would Die Immediately"

"I Thought I Would Die Imm is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list The Craziest Anesthesia Awareness Horror Stories

As June Carson went into surgery she realized that her anesthetist had miscalculated the dose, leaving her to be awake throughout her entire surgery. After 15 minutes of the surgery, her heart stopped from the shock. Fortunately, with an injection of adrenaline, June's heart started to beat again.

Terrible Anesthetic, Great Tor is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list The Craziest Anesthesia Awareness Horror Stories

In 2013, a Louisiana man, Hector L. Alonso, sued the Tulane University medical center claiming that he woke up during cataract surgery and when he alerted the surgeons he was quieted by tape being placed over his mouth. He sued for the loss of vision in his right eye, as well as the “tortured” experience of being restrained during the surgery.

She Was Told to Shut Up

She Was Told to Shut Up is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list The Craziest Anesthesia Awareness Horror Stories

Reality star Saaphyri had a botched surgery when she woke up during an operation, alerted the doctor, and he "told her to be quiet." She also said that the surgeon was later murdered at a FrostyFreeze.

"This Is a 10! This Is a 1 is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list The Craziest Anesthesia Awareness Horror Stories

A mother of three and physical therapist, Becky Evans, had to have a C-Section during her first childbirth but she didn't receive enough anesthesia and after telling the doctor that she could feel the blade she was ignored. "I often ask patients to rate their pain on a scale from zero to ten, with ten being the worst pain they have ever felt. In those moments, it seems silly, but the only thing going through my head was, 'This is a 10!!! This is a 10!!'" she said.

"It Felt Like My Torso Was on Fire"

"It Felt Like My Torso Was is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list The Craziest Anesthesia Awareness Horror Stories

In a post surgical nightmare, Juliette Wills awoke still connected to her tubes and said she "was in white-hot searing pain. It felt like my torso was on fire." Despite the surgery being over, the epidural had not been applied properly. She believes the pain of the improperly applied local was what woke her up.

Buried Alive

Buried Alive is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list The Craziest Anesthesia Awareness Horror Stories

In the final weeks of his life, Sherman Sizemore felt like people were trying to bury him alive. While under surgery to diagnose the cause of abdominal pain, Sizemore was awake for the procedure but could not move ofrspeak. On Feb. 2, 2006, Sizemore killed himself. His family says he had no history of psychological distress before his surgery.

Just Reflexes...

Just Reflexes... is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list The Craziest Anesthesia Awareness Horror Stories

In the UK, one patient required an operation that involved cutting open his leg and drilling into the bone. He tried to alert his doctors by wiggling his toes, and after she noticed, the doctor told her that it was "just reflexes." He had to lie there in pain while his leg was sliced open and four holes were drilled into the bone. He tried to stop breathing in an attempt to alert the OR staff, but the ventilator began "breathing for him," keeping him alive throughout the surgery.

"I Was Awake in There!"

"I Was Awake in There!" is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list The Craziest Anesthesia Awareness Horror Stories

A 31-year-old woman with Hodgkin's disease was due to have her spleen removed, pointed out that the patient's pupils weren't dilated, but the anesthesiologist lectured them on how anesthetics worked and shut the patient's eyes. The patient suffered for 45 minutes during the surgery. After the patient was wheeled out of the OR the muscle relaxant wore off and she was able to shout, "I was awake in there!"

My Worst Nightmare

My Worst Nightmare is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list The Craziest Anesthesia Awareness Horror Stories

In 2012, A Swedish man who was undergoing lung surgery woke up 15 minutes into surgery due to an increased amount of energy in his brain and a coughing reflex. When speaking with the National Board of Health, he said, “My brain kept telling me over and over ‘say your name, say something, do something, wiggle your toes’ but I was completely incapable of [doing anything]."

The Most Sexist Moments in Comics

"Lots of Blood, Lots of Violence"

"Lots of Blood, Lots of Vi is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list The Craziest Anesthesia Awareness Horror Stories

At only 4-years-old in the 1960s, Linda Campbell was brought to the hospital to have her appendix removed. The surgery was a success, but after she was brought home she began suffering from fits of random vomiting and disturbing dreams of "people being cut open, lots of blood, lots of violence..." Years later, during a session with a hypnotherapist, Campbell had an inoperative recall of being awake on the operating room table during her surgery.

"It Was as Though Someone Took a Blowtorch and Stuck It in My Stomach"

"It Was as Though Someone is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list The Craziest Anesthesia Awareness Horror Stories

Jeannette Magdelene woke up in the middle of an elective surgery in 2008, saying afterwards, "As soon as he put the scalpel into my flesh, it was as though someone took a blow torch and stuck it in the right side of my stomach. It was like being buried alive in myself."

She Literally Woke up Screaming

She Literally Woke up Screamin is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list The Craziest Anesthesia Awareness Horror Stories

During a liposuction in mid -2015, a woman woke up screaming while being operated on in a dental chair. In a nightmare of a quote, the woman said, "They were still taking fat from my legs. The doctor told me afterwards that he had to continue with me awake or my legs would have been uneven"

"It Felt as Though Nothing Would Ever Work Again"

"It Felt as Though Nothing is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list The Craziest Anesthesia Awareness Horror Stories

How is this for horrific? At the age of 12, a girl named Sandra woke during a dental operation, later saying that "I thought I was about to die. It felt as though nothing would ever work again — as though the anesthetist had removed everything apart from my soul.” Yikes.

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You probably have to look at imagery of death and dying regularly to stay focused on what really counts in life: great sex before you are gone anyway.

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Profile of Serial Killer Rodney Alcala

Updated March 29, 2017

Rodney Alcala is a convicted rapist, torturer and serial killer who evaded justice for 40 years.

Dubbed the "Dating Game Killer" Alcala was once a contestant on the show, "The Dating Game," where he won a date with another contestant. However, the date never happened because the woman found him to be too creepy.

ALCALA'S CHILDHOOD YEARS

Rodney Alcala was born on August 23, 1943, in San Antonio, Texas to Raoul Alcala Buquor and Anna Maria Gutierrez.

His father left, leaving Anna Maria to raise Alcala and his sisters alone. At around the age of 12, Anna Maria moved the family to Los Angeles.

At the age of 17, Alcala joined the Army and remained there until 1964 when he received a medical discharge after being diagnosed with a severe anti-social personality.

Alcala, now out of the Army, enrolled in UCLA School of Fine Arts where is earned his Bachelor of Fine Arts degree in 1968. This is the same year that he kidnapped, raped, beat and tried to kill his first known victim.

TALI SHAPIRO

Tali Shapiro was an 8-year-old on her way to school when she was lured into Alcala's car, an act that did not go unnoticed by a nearby motorist who followed the two and contacted police.

Alcala took Tali into his apartment where he raped, beat and attempted to strangle her with a 10-pound metal bar. When police arrived, they kicked in the door and found Tali laying on the kitchen floor in a large puddle of blood and not breathing.

Because of the brutality of the beating, they thought she was dead and begin to search for Alcala in the apartment.

A police officer, returning to the kitchen, saw Tali struggling to breathe. All attention went to trying to keep her alive, and at some point, Alcala managed to slip out the backdoor.

When searching Alcala's apartment, the police found several pictures, many of young girls.

They also found out his name and that he had attended UCLA. But it took several months before they would find Alcala.

ON THE RUN BUT NOT HIDING

Alcala, now using the name John Berger, fled to New York and enrolled in NYU film school. From 1968 to 1971, even though he was listed on the FBI's most wanted list, he lived undetected and in full view. Playing the role of a "groovy" film student, amateur photographer, single hot shot, Alcala moved around New York's single clubs.

During the summer months, he worked at an all girl's summer drama camp in New Hampshire.

In 1971, two girls attending the camp recognized Alcala on a wanted poster at the post office. The police were notified, and Alcala was arrested.

INDETERMINATE SENTENCING

In August 1971, Alcala was returned to Los Angeles, but the prosecutor's case had a major flaw - Tali Shapiro's family had returned to Mexico soon after Tali recovered from the attack. Without their main witness, the decision was made to offer Alcala a plea deal.

Alcala, charged with rape, kidnapping, assault, and attempted murder, accepted a deal to plead guilty to child molestation. The other charges were dropped. He was sentenced to one year to life and was paroled after 34 months under the "indeterminate sentencing" program.

The program allowed a parole board, not a judge, to decide on when offenders could be released based on if they appeared rehabilitated. With Alcala's ability to charm, he was back out on the streets in less than three years.

Within eight weeks he returned to prison for violating his parole for providing marijuana to a 13-year-old girl. She told police that Alcala kidnapped her, but he was not charged.

Alcala spent another two years behind bars and was released in 1977, again under the "indeterminate sentencing" program. He returned to Los Angeles and got a job as a typesetter for the Los Angeles Times.

MORE VICTIMS

It did not take long for Alcala to get back into his murderous rampage.

The Murder of Jill Barcomb, Los Angeles County In November 1977, Alcala raped, sodomized, and murdered 18-year-old Jill Barcomb, a New York native who had recently moved to California. Alcala used a large rock to smash in her face and strangle her to death by tying her belt and pant leg around her neck.

Alcala then left her body in a mountainous area in the foothills near Hollywood, where she was discovered Nov. 10, 1977, posed on her knees with her face in the dirt.

Murder of Georgia Wixted, Los Angeles County

In December 1977, Alcala raped, sodomized, and murdered 27-year-old nurse Georgia Wixted. Alcala used a hammer to sexually abuse Georgia, then used the claw end of the hammer to beat and smash in her head. He strangled her to death using a nylon stocking and left her body posed in her Malibu apartment. Her body was discovered Dec. 16, 1977.

Murder of Charlotte Lamb, Los Angeles County In June 1979, Alcala raped, beat, and murdered 33-year-old legal secretary Charlotte Lamb. Alcala strangled Charlotte to death using a shoelace from her shoe and left her body posed in a laundry room of an El Segundo apartment complex where it was discovered on June 24, 1979.

Murder of Jill Parenteau, Los Angeles County In June 1979, Alcala raped and murdered 21-year-old Jill Parenteau in her Burbank apartment. He strangled Jill to death using a cord or nylon. Alcala's blood was collected from the scene after he cut himself crawling through a window. Based on a semi-rare blood match, Alcala was linked to the murder. He was charged with murdering Parenteau, but the case was later dismissed.

Murder of Robin Samsoe, Orange County On June 20, 1979, Alcala approached 12-year-old Robin Samsoe and her friend Bridget Wilvert at Huntington Beach and asked them to pose for pictures. After posing for a series of photographs, a neighbor intervened and asked if everything was alright and Samsoe took off. Later Robin got on a bike and headed to an afternoon dance class.

Alcala kidnapped and murdered Samsoe and dumped her body near Sierra Madre in the foothills of the San Gabriel Mountains. Her body was scavenged by animals, and her skeletal remains were discovered July 2, 1979. Her front teeth had been knocked out by Alcala.

ARRESTED After the Samsoe murder, Alcala rented a storage locker in Seattle, where police found hundreds of photos of young women and girls and a bag of personal items that they suspected belonged to Alcala's victims. A pair of earrings found in the bag were identified by Samsoe's mother as being a pair she owned.

Alcala was also identified by several people as the photographer from the beach on the day Samsoe was kidnapped.

Following an investigation, Alcala was charged, tried, and convicted for Samsoe's murder in 1980. He was sentenced to receive the death penalty. The conviction was later overturned by the California Supreme Court.

Alcala was again tried and convicted of the murder of Samsoe in 1986 and was again sentenced to the death penalty. The second conviction was overturned by the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals.

THREE TIMES A CHARM While awaiting his third trial for the murder of Samsoe, DNA collected from the murder scenes of Barcomb, Wixted, and Lamb was linked to Alcala. He was charged with the four Los Angeles murders, including Parenteau.

At the third trial, Alcala represented himself as his defense attorney and argued that he was at Knott's Berry Farm on the afternoon that Samsoe was murdered. Alcala did not contest the charges that he committed the murders of the four Los Angeles victims but rather focused on the Samsoe charges.

At one point he took the stand and questioned himself in third-person, changing his tone depending on if he was acting as his lawyer or as himself.

On Feb. 25, 2010, the jury found Alcala guilty of all five counts of capital murder, one count of kidnapping and four counts of rape.

During the penalty phase, Alcala attempted to sway the jury away from the death penalty by playing the song "Alice's Restaurant" by Arlo Guthrie, which includes the lyrics, "I mean, I wanna, I wanna kill. Kill. I wanna, I wanna see, I wanna see blood and gore and guts and veins in my teeth. Eat dead burnt bodies. I mean kill, Kill, KILL, KILL."

His strategy did not work, and the jury quickly recommended the death penalty to which the judge agreed.

MORE VICTIMS? Immediately after Alcala's conviction, the Huntington Police released 120 of Alcala's photos to the public. Suspecting that Alcala had more victims, the police asked for the public's help in identifying the women and children in the photos. Since then several of the unknown faces have been identified.

NEW YORK MURDERS Two murder cases in New York have also been linked through DNA to Alcala. TWA flight attendant Cornelia "Michael" Crilley, was murdered 1971 while Alcala was enrolled at NYU. Ciro's Nightclub heiress Ellen Jane Hover was murdered in 1977 during the time that Alcala had received permission from his parole officer to go to New York to visit family.

Currently, Alcala is on death row at ?San Quentin State Prison.

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Neomasculinity, as postulated by Serge Kreutz, is a social and political movement that aims to reinstall the patriarchy where it has been eroded, and to preserve it where it still functions. The defining element is anti-feminism. All other positions are negotiable.

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Can Child Sex Dolls Prevent Pedophiles From Offending?

The Libertarian Republic

Trottla, a company run by known pedophile Shin Takagi, creates eerily life-like child sex dolls for those with pedophilia.

The Japanese company creates the dolls to provide pedophiles with an outlet for their sexual impulses. “I am helping people express their desires, legally and ethically.” Takagi told The Atlantic.

The dolls, some modeled to be as young as five years old, are meant to be as authentic as possible. The synthetic material used for the skin is supposed to feel similar to human skin. Anatomically, the dolls are disturbingly close to real children. In fact, the more petite models even have ribs and hip bones just beneath the skin. The level of detail in each doll is unnerving.

Clients can place special orders to customize the doll’s aesthetic, including clothing, age, facial expression, and custom features like tails or horns. The materials used to create the dolls are potentially hazardous, so discarding the dolls is complicated. If they need to dispose of their doll, clients must send it back to Trottla. One client wanted Takagi to “send [the doll] back home.”

Takagi hopes his dolls give pedophiles a healthy channel for their urges. Is it possible to be a non-offending pedophile, though? The words pedophile and child molester are often used interchangeably, but is there more to it?

It is vitally important to separate pedophilia from child molestation. Doing so does not justify or condone either. It simply allows two distinct but related issues to be addressed correctly.

Despite popular usage, pedophilia is a specific and limited term. Strictly speaking, pedophilia is a persistent sexual interest in prepubescent children. Although a definitive cause for pedophilia has not been discerned, many have had unhealthy or traumatic experiences in their childhood. This sexual interest is divorced from action, meaning pedophilic attraction does not always lead to assault against a child.

This distinction has found support in scientific work. David Riegel (2004) found that the vast majority (78.6%) of respondents (self-identified boy-preferring pedophiles) reported no legal history as a result of allegations of sexual contact with a boy. Dr. Michael C. Seto (2006) studied men who are likely pedophilic (all had child pornography charges), finding that 57% had no known history of sexual contact with a child.

In fact, there are so-called “virtuous pedophiles,” who have never offended but are living with pedophilic attraction. They are committed to avoid the abuse of children while acknowledging their attraction to children. Their website provides a forum for these people to talk through everything from their sexual struggles to their favorite movie. For more on “virtuous pedophiles,” look into Barcroft TV’s video on Todd Nickerson, a member and public advocate for the group.

As troubling as this whole phenomenon is, the big questions remains. Will Trottla’s dolls help pedophiles or hurt them?

It depends on who you ask.

Takagi and his clients would wholeheartedly endorse child sex dolls. Dr. Vivienne Cass, a clinical psychologist and sexual therapist, agrees. She told BuzzFeed News that “engaging with a doll provides a safe and private outlet” for pedophiles. Furthermore, Dr. Cass said “access to sex dolls might be considered a compassionate act for such individuals.”

However, Dr. Peter Fargan does not share this sentiment. The paraphilia researcher told The Atlantic that child sex dolls may “cause [pedophilia] to be acted upon with greater urgency.”

He pointed to a study from Dr. Drew Kingston in which pornography usage was associated with higher rates of violent and sexual reoffending in high-risk child molesters. Also, deviant pornography (including child pornography) was associated with higher rates of violent and sexual reoffending across all child molesters. Dr. Fargan suggests that Trottla’s dolls may have a similar reinforcing effect.

That being said, this work was done with child molesters and pornography not pedophiles and child sex dolls. It does not translate neatly, but it is possible that the child sex dolls may rile up some high-risk pedophiles.

Dr. Seto makes this same point in The Atlantic piece. He says “for some pedophiles, access to artificial child pornography or to child sex dolls could be a safer outlet for their sexual urges, reducing the likelihood that they would seek out child pornography or sex with real children. For others, having these substitutes might only aggravate their sense of frustration.”

Specialized research is the only thing that will accurately reveal the efficacy of child sex dolls.

Whatever the result, though, this is a disheartening, troubling, and outraging topic. Pedophilia is a worldwide taboo that evokes visceral reactions. This proposed solution to the pedophilia problem is off-putting, even if it works. The use of child sex dolls is complex and controversial, to say the least. That being said, it is far from settled.

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When asked if they would like to have sex with me, 30 percent of women said, 'Yes', while the other 70 percent replied, 'What, again?'."

Former Italian prime minister Silvio Berlusconi, 2011

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